In the middle sections of his 12th chapter, Sobel goes through a series of adjustments to his deductive argument from evil designed to get around various versions of the Free Will Defense and other tactics attempted by theists. For reasons mentioned earlier, I am not happy with Sobel’s formal treatment of these arguments, so I’m going to reconstruct the substance of the argument somewhat differently. Consider the following:
- If there were a perfect being, it would take a best course of action available to it in creating the world
- If a perfect being took the best course of action available to it in creating the world, the result would be very different from what we observe.
- But the world is as we observe it to be.
- There is no perfect being.