Simple Foreknowledge and Providence
June 3, 2005 — 11:09

Author: Kevin Timpe  Category: Divine Foreknowledge  Comments: 2

Numerous philosophers (including Bill Hasker, Tom Flint, David Basinger and John Sanders) have argued that God’s having simple foreknowledge (as opposed to middle knowledge) would not aid God in His providential control of the world. A similar argument is developed against the eternalist’s position that God is outside of time. I have my students in my Philosophy of Religion course read Sanders’ version of the argument, found in his “Why Simple Foreknowledge Offers No More Providential Control than the Openness of God,” Faith and Philosophy (1997). I’m wondering if any of you know about a good, and readable, reply to this kind of argument. David Hunt’s “Divine Providence and Simple Foreknowledge” is good, but a little too difficult for most undergraduates. Any suggestions, on either a suitable article or on a response to this kind of argument?

  • Matthew Mullins

    I would think the IVP’s Divine Foreknowledge: 4 Views would be good reading for undergraduates in such a course. I know that Hunt address the problems of divine foreknowledge and human freedom, divine agency, and divine providence, in his chapter. However short this a book and not an article.

    June 3, 2005 — 11:45
  • Kevin Timpe

    I’d forgotten that Hunt deals with the objection I was mentioning there. I’ll have to take another look at it and see if it’s something I want to use–in general, I think it’s a good book. So thanks, Matthew, for the recommendation. But I’d still be willing to hear (read?) others if they are offered.

    June 6, 2005 — 10:33